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Capocorb Vell is located next to the PMV-6014 road that runs along a large part of the south coast of Mallorca with views of magnificent sunsets and this corner of the island’s dizzying sea cliffs. This Mallorcan archaeological site is located very close to Cap Blanc and to Cala Pi that might have been the Talayotic settlement’s natural harbour.
The archaeological remains are located in a flat area, some 100 metres above sea level. They are surrounded by an agricultural area with carob trees, almond trees, wild olive trees and pasture for sheep. At the entrance there is a small bar where you can have a cold drink and rest a little under the summer sun of Mallorca.
When you come to this archaeological site in Llucmajor you will probably be impressed by its size. The settlement’s features and dimensions suggest that it was a centre that must have linked the life of neighbouring settlements, as a capital or focal point.
It is worth noting that Capocorb Vell is Mallorca’s largest Talayotic archaeological site. In it there are three circular talayots, two square ones, and twenty eight rectangular dwellings, many of them with an antechamber and connected by a large wall. There is also a shrine from the Balearic Period and evidence of remodelling from the Roman period.
A few meters from this central settlement are the remains of more talayots, a possible mound and other structures that, not yet having been excavated, appear to be the remains of dwellings. The limits of the settlement went beyond the reception area, passing over the current road that seriously affected the site. Consequently, we can infer that in an early moment this was a major settlement on the south coast.
The origins of this settlement can be dated to the end of the second millennium. This date has been obtained from the analysis of the remains of beams from one of the square talayots. The beams made of wild-olive wood have been preserved, as they were in a corridor where they were preserved in ideal conditions, making it possible to take samples for radiocarbon dating. This corridor links the first floor with an underground area of the same building, the function of which is unknown.
As with other archaeological sites on the island, from the ashes of the Talayotic society a new era arose, the Balearic, characterised by violence, with the slinger as its leading exponent. The talayots ceased having their original function and community life moved to horse-shoe shaped buildings, known as sanctuaries. There is one of these in Capocorp.
At this time when the Balearic societies were opening up to the Mediterranean, Cala Pi would be a strategic enclave for the arrival of materials from outside the island: wine, pottery and decorative items, first from Ibiza and then from the Italic territories. Likewise it would be a departure point for contingents of slingers heading for conflict zones where they would fight, first for Carthage’s armies and centuries later alongside Rome, in territories that went beyond the Mediterranean.
After the Roman conquest of the island, in 123 Before the Common Era materials and people from various places in the Mediterranean came to the settlement that is in this archaeological site in Llucmajor. This life continued to develop more or less continuously until the Medieval Era, when the urban area was definitively abandoned, and a few metres away the Capocorb Vell country house, of Muslim origin, was built.