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Icono Yacimientos 45 Closos de can Gaià

Closos de can Gaià is an old settlement of navetas, very close to Mallorca’s east coast, in the village of Portocolom, Felanitx. To reach this Mallorcan archaeological site from the municipality, visitors should take the PM‑401/412 road and turn off at Vapor de Santueri street. Under 200 metres from the entrance to the port village there is an area with wild olive trees. This is where the Bronze Age settlement, from the period known in the Balearics as the Naviform, can be found.

The settlement was occupied from 1800 Before the Common Era (bce) until 750 bce, shortly after the appearance of the Talayotic communities in around the 9th century. The Naveta settlements were characterised by consisting of houses with the shape of inverted boats (naves in Spanish). The monumental character of these houses is very apparent; they are sizeable buildings with walls made of large stone blocks, some weighing several tons, covered with a lattice of branches from wild olive trees covered with mud, to make them waterproof. They measure some 15-20 m in length, 5-6 m in width and 3 m high. Each building was home to an extended family that could have up to ten members.

The houses at this archaeological site in Felanitx comprise two spaces: a private one for family use and a communal one. The communal space, located in the entrance to the building, was where the different members of the house would meet with other people from the community. Here they might have discussed day‑to‑day matters, or negotiated, evaluated and planned communal actions, such as building a new house. This would involve the whole community and was a collective action that would not only accommodate the formation of a new family group, but would also strengthen the links established between the different members of the settlement through mutual work and support.

The Naviform communities dedicated themselves primarily to raising livestock and arable farming, complemented by exploiting marine resources, especially somewhere as close to the coast as Closos. They were also masters of working with bronze, which they used to make decorative products such as bracelets, or for making tools for every-day or ritual purposes that accompanied the dead.

They buried their dead in collective tombs (or hypogea), either in funerary caves close to the settlements or in cliffs by the sea. Objects from abroad are often found with the dead, providing evidence that these communities were in contact with sailors in their voyages around the Mediterranean.

In Closos five perfectly visible navetas are preserved as well as other very interesting structures. It is simple and enjoyable to visit, as the archaeological site is perfectly restored and set up as a museum.

If you decide to visit this archaeological site you can also enjoy the historical recreation days that take place every year throughout August. If you attend these days you will be invited to travel through time, with the help of your imagination and the archaeologists’ knowledge and educational skills.