Museu Monogràfic de Pollentia
Carrer de Sant Jaume, 30. 07400 Alcúdia
971 54 70 04
Concessions: €2.00 (groups, elderly and school children)
Tuesday-Friday: 10:00 to 16:00
Saturdays and Sundays: 10:00 to 14:00
Mondays and public holidays: closed
Tuesday-Saturday: 09:30 to 20:30
Sundays: 10:00 to 15:00
Mondays and public holidays: closed
The Monographic Museum of Pol·lèntia is a subsidiary section of the Museum of Mallorca. It was established in 1987 to display the archaeological items recovered in their original surroundings, the Roman city of Pol·lèntia in Alcúdia. Currently managed in collaboration with Alcúdia Council, it is located at Calle Sant Jaume no. 29, in the historical centre of the town in the former Alcúdia hospital that dates from the 14th century. It is very close to the church of Sant Jaume and to the mediaeval city walls, and is five minutes’ walk from the entrance to the archaeological site.
Entry to the museum includes access the archaeological site. The museum’s small size means that it does not take long to visit it and see the objects selected for exhibition.
This Mallorcan museum is laid out to show visitors what everyday life was like for the population of Pol·lèntia. Consequently the museum’s items are distributed in two major areas: the public sphere and the private sphere. The section relating to the private sphere displays a range of everyday objects, recovered during the excavations. On the one hand, there are pieces relating to the world of cooking and eating. These pieces are intended to illustrate the different types of crockery, from the most modest and most common, through to examples of “terra sigillata” drinking vessels of very high quality or delicate pieces like the thin-walled glasses. As for kitchen utensils, pottery items containing olive stones, pots and pans and a bronze frying pan amongst other items can be seen.
The second set of objects, from the private sphere, includes items relating to leisure and personal attire: rings, bracelets and necklaces recovered primarily from the necropolis of Pol·lèntia. A small collection of bone hairpins are especially noteworthy thanks to their elegance. Dice, cups and game pieces illustrate the pastimes of the city’s inhabitants. There are also some small containers for perfumes and cosmetics as well as the lamps used to illuminate rooms. The small Mars Balearicus statuettes of warriors and of Lares gods remind us that they had a very important role in the world of religion as the divinities that protected the home and the family.
An especially impressive element in the field of decorative pieces is the bronze head, called the Cap de Nina (girl’s head), that was found in a domus from the neighbourhood of La Portella, and that gave its name to the house. Fragments of the mosaics that covered the rooms in the domūs are also on display, as well as remains of polychromated stuccos that brought colour to their walls. Unfortunately no remains of wall decoration have been preserved in situ and most of the mosaics were removed from their original locations.
As for the public sphere it is worth noting two areas displayed in this Mallorcan museum: the forum and the funerary world. From the forum, the only example of life-size Roman statuary on the island has been recovered: two female figures and a figure in military clothing are the focus of any visit to the Museum of Pol·lèntia. To illustrate the funerary world there is a small selection of inscribed grave markers, including one dedicated to the death of the wrestler Pancratius that is especially interesting for its emotional charge.
A small space is dedicated to a sample of items of pottery, many of them fragments, with symbols from the Christian world.