Necròpolis de Cala Sant Vicenç
These archaeological remains consist of a series of caves excavated in the natural soil. They were plundered in ancient times, something recorded in the earliest documents about them, dating from the late 19th century. Fifteen sections of this Mallorcan archaeological site were recorded in this first documentary work: only six remain now. The rest have disappeared as a result of the impact of the different stages of urban development of the zone.
In order to visit the Cala Sant Vicenç necropolis, also called the l’Alzinaret necropolis, travel to Pollença, and from there head to Cala Sant Vicenç on the MA-220 road. Take the turning to the cove when you reach it, and after just over a kilometre, following the signs to the l’Alzinaret necropolis, there is a turning that leads to it. It is preserved within a built-up area, on a small hill covered by holm oak woodland.
As is stated above, the information we have about them is scarce and whether they are burial chambers or not has been deduced from similarities with other sites that, thanks to their form, have been dated to the Bronze Age.
If we examine the artificial caves (or hypogea), we can see that there are two groups in this Mallorcan archaeological site:
- Funerary caves. There are four caves of this type at this Mallorcan archaeological site, each with its own features. Unlike the dwelling caves most of these are accessed through a small opening that leads into an elongated space of over ten metres in length. In the first cave the rock is excavated, with a space reminiscent of an antechamber. Once inside there is a long space that ends up opening out and is rounded at the back end. The second hypogeum, very close to the first, has a small square entrance leading to a small first room that appears to be the antechamber to the main chamber. As soon as you enter it, you can see several niches on both sides of the chamber where items relating to the rituals of death might have been placed. It is also important to note two elongated benches dug into the sides of the cave and the overbreak of the floor, like in the first hypogeum. In the sides of the walls there are a series of holes that suggest that there might have been an overhead structure. Consequently, there might have been two levels for storing the dead. The third of these hypogea is similar to the second, but does not have the benches and instead only has one niche, but the overbreak of the floor and the holes on the sides of the walls are repeated here. The last of the hypogea has 4 niches, three are at the back of the chamber and a fourth that is very close to them on the right hand side of it.
- Dwelling caves. There are two caves of this type. These are found at the most easterly end of the archaeological site and have a roughly circular shape. They are characterised by having a large opening, giving access to the space. This form is reminiscent of the natural shelters that many groups of people have used for shelter over time. Once inside a set of stone benches and a hole in the roof, like a sort of chimney, can be seen.
Consequently it is apparent that the abodes of the living and the dead are separated in space, but very close together, creating a natural coexistence between the past and the present, between life and death.