Turriforme esglaonat de Son Ferrer
This Mallorcan archaeological site, the stepped mound of Son Ferrer, is located in the Son Ferrer development, on the Calvià peninsula in the middle of a fertile plain. The mound is located on the highest part, helping with one of its functions: visual domination of the area.
This prehistoric structure is unique on the island, as it is the first structure of its type that to have been completely excavated, consolidated and turned into a museum space.
To reach it, take the exit to Son Ferrer from the Andratx motorway. It is located in the middle of an area of detached houses on Golondrina street. These have seriously affected the original settlement and nowadays only the mound and the remains of some associated structures can be seen.
It is worth noting that this archaeological site in Calviá covers a long period of time, with structures built before and after the mound, that date from the Early Bronze Age (1800 bce) until well into the third century of the Common Era.
This Cyclopean building was built on the remains of a Bronze Age hypogeum or artificial burial cave. Hypogea are structures dug into the rock, in this case a fossilised dune. Inside there are benches where the remains of the dead would be placed. These would almost certainly come from a nearby settlement. The hypogeum has three chambers. In the central one there are two benches, one against each wall, and a platform at a higher level. It is accessed through a small hole located in the base of the mound.
When discussing the mound, we should recall that it is a stepped platform. In the case of the mound of Son Ferrer, it was built in the early phase of the Talayotic period, around the year 900 Before the Common Era (bce), and lasted through time fulfilling functions completely different to those for which it had been built.
The mound of Son Ferrer is characterised by its steps, made up of Cyclopean facings filled with smaller stones and earth. It is not a regular platform, as it tends to be of different shapes at different stepped levels. While at the base we can see that the faces of the walls are roughly circular, in the higher part we can see that the rings, or steps of the mound are roughly quadrilateral. This higher area is accessed by a ramp.
The mound was possibly used for holding collective gatherings, based around political or religious ceremonies throughout the Talayotic period.
Once this period came to an end in around the 5th century bce, there were changes in the way of interpreting the world. In this context, the building acquired new uses, recovering its funerary purpose. The interior of the hypogeum was reused; more than 100 individuals have been recorded and different types of rituals have been observed. These relate to the floral offerings, fires, pottery grave goods and the treatment of new‑borns and dead babies, who were buried in pottery urns. From 70‑50 bce the slopes of the mound were used to continue the funerary deposits, but at this time only burials of infants have been recorded.
It is in this period that there is also evidence of the existence of various rooms attached to the mound. These unfortunately are lost in the direction of the new houses.
We do not know the reasons for abandoning this ancient archaeological site that forms part of a rich complex of archaeological sites in Calvià. Along with the other spaces that are also preserved as museums, they give an idea of the density of the population of the area. This municipality has a large number and wealth of monumental sites that the population developed in various historical periods.